Tuesday, May 21, 2013

Tombstone Tuesday: PVT Israel Augustus Alligood

This week, looking toward Memorial Day, I'll give some background on the men in our family tree who fought in the United States Civil War. By virtue of location you will find men who fought for the Union Army and the Confederate States of America. Memorial Day, originally called Decoration Day, was established to honor those who died while in either the Union or Confederate Armies during the Civil War.

Israel Augustus Alligood
REGIMENT: 49th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry

RANK: Private

ENLISTMENT DATE: March 4, 1862

The 49th took an active part in the campaigns of the army from Seven Pines to Cold Harbor, fought in the Petersburg trenches south of the James River, and was involved in the Appomattox operations. It reported 78 casualties in the Second Manassas and 61 at Fredericksburg. The unit lost 13% at Chancellorsville and more than 25% of the remaining 329 at Gettysburg. It surrendered with 8 officers and 103 men*, barely 10% of the original troops.

Company Muster Roll and Hospital records give a pretty comprehensive picture of Israel's time in the War.

March to April 1862
Present, sick in camp
May to June 1862
July to August 1862
Absent, sick in hospital in Richmond
October 16, 1862
General Hospital Camp Windsor
Richmond, Virginia
Disease: Dibilitas
Returned to duty: November 5, 1862
December 1862
General Hospital No. 8
(St. Charles Hospital)
Richmond, Virginia
Disease: flesh wound left jaw (gunshot)
Transferred to State Hospital January 12, 1863
January to February 1863
March-April 1863
Absent, sick in hospital
May 2, 1863
Chimborazo Hospital, No. 2
Richmond, Virginia
Disease: chills and fever
Transferred to Lynchburg May 9, 1863
July to December 1863
May-June 1864
September-December 1864
January - February 1865

If you calculate based on the number of years that Israel and his wife Mary Ellen Knight reported that they had been married in the 1900 US Census, it would appear that they were married in 1864. Well, that's in the middle of the Civil War, maybe he had leave? You can see in the chart above that there is a gap in records from January 1864 through April 1864, hmmmm? Israel signed the Reconstruction Oath Book on August 8, 1867, swearing his allegiance to the United States of America and renewing his right to vote after the Reconstruction Acts of 1867 were complete in the state of Georgia.

Israel owned 202 acres of land that he farmed in Laurens County, Georgia.  He died at the age of 74 in 1909 and is buried in the Alligood Cemetery near Dexter, Georgia.

BORN: June 15, 1835 in Laurens County, Georgia
DIED: 1909 in Laurens County, Georgia

PARENTS: Hillery Alligood and Matilda Foy

SPOUSE: Mary Lou Ellen Knight

CHILDREN: Francis Hamilton Alligood
                       Lupiney Ellen Alligood
                       Ann Eliza Alligood
                       Israel Augustus Alligood, Jr.
                       Andrew F. Alligood
                       Minnie Eucebia Alligood

RELATIONSHIP: Angela Abbate (Mood)
                                 Eucebia Jane Thomas (Abbate)
                                   Mildred Arlene Silas (Thomas)
                                     Minnie Eucebia Alligood (Silas)
                                       Israel Augustus Alligood

*National Park Service The Civil War website.

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